“Manneken Pis”

Mannenkin Pis, Brussels 058.JPGDesigner: Hiëronymus Duquesnoy, Brussels, Belgium (photo:Gosia Glowacka, 26.04.2014)

Manneken Pis (About this sound [ˌmɑnəkə(m) ˈpɪs], meaning “Little man Pee” in Dutch) is a landmark small bronze sculpture (61 cm) in Brussels, depicting a naked little boy urinating into a fountain’s basin. It was designed by Hiëronymus Duquesnoy the Elder and put in place in 1618 or 1619.

The 61 cm tall bronze statue on the corner of Rue de l’Etuve and Rue des Grands Carmes was made in 1619 by Brussels sculptor Hieronimus Duquesnoy the Elder, father of the more famous François Duquesnoy. The figure has been repeatedly stolen: the current statue dates from 1965. The original restored version is kept at the Maison du Roi/Broodhuis on the Grand Place.

There are several legends behind this statue, but the most famous is the one about Duke Godfrey III of Leuven. In 1142, the troops of this two-year-old lord were battling against the troops of the Berthouts, the lords of Grimbergen, in Ransbeke (now Neder-Over-Heembeek). The troops put the infant lord in a basket and hung the basket in a tree to encourage them. From there, the boy urinated on the troops of the Berthouts, who eventually lost the battle.

Another legend states that in the 14th century, Brussels was under siege by a foreign power. The city had held its ground for some time, so the attackers conceived of a plan to place explosive charges at the city walls. A little boy named Julianske happened to be spying on them as they were preparing. He urinated on the burning fuse and thus saved the city. There was at the time (middle of the 15th century, perhaps as early as 1388) a similar statue made of stone. The statue was stolen several times.

Another story (told often to tourists) tells of a wealthy merchant who, during a visit to the city with his family, had his beloved young son go missing. The merchant hastily formed a search party that scoured all corners of the city until the boy was found happily urinating in a small garden. The merchant, as a gift of gratitude to the locals who helped out during the search, had the fountain built.

Another legend was that a small boy went missing from his mother when shopping in the centre of the city. The woman, panic-stricken by the loss of her child, called upon everyone she came across, including the mayor of the city. A city-wide search began and when at last the child was found, he was urinating on the corner of a small street. The story was passed down over time and the statue erected as a tribute to the well-known legend.

Another legend tells of the young boy who was awoken by a fire and was able to put out the fire with his urine, in the end this helped stop the king’s castle from burning down.

The statue is dressed in costume several times each week, according to a published schedule which is posted on the railings around the fountain. His wardrobe consists of several hundred different costumes, many of which may be viewed in a permanent exhibition inside the City Museum, located in the Grand Place, immediately opposite the Town Hall. The costumes are managed by the non-profit association “The Friends of Manneken-Pis”, who review hundreds of designs submitted each year, and select a small number to be produced and used.

(source: Wikipedia)

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Riddle: Who is he? Small and pee on the nation like in a urinal?

 

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“The Hans Otto Theater”

Hans Otto Theater -Potsdam 094.JPGArchitect: Gottfried Böhm, Potsdam, Germany (Photo. Gosia Głowacka, 03.05.2014)

The architect, winner of Pritzker Prize, Gottfried Böhm designed a five-story theater building with cupped, cantilevered roofs. The dominant materials are: concrete, glass and steel . A landmarked gasometer was integrated into the building.On the side of the Deep Lake is a historic mill next to the theater; today it houses a restaurant.

The Hans Otto Theater, Potsdam´s new stage house, which is part of the cultural meeting place and business centre on Schiffsbauergasse, exudes an enormous architectural appeal. Worth mentioning is the theatre´s unique location right by the shore of Tiefer See, which offers the right kind of framework for spectacles and plays with the theatre’s ensemble, as well as for musical guest performances, readings or representative events and occasions. The theatre’s ensemble also performs at the Reithalle A on Schiffbauergasse, a venue of the theatre mainly for children and youth, and at the historic palace theatre in the New Palace of Potsdam Sanssouci.

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“Good theater is not only a question about resources, but above all, it is engagement of artists” (Kazimierz Kord, “Zycie Warszawy”, February 2, 2006)

The great words of praise are nothing compared to the work of Krystyna Janda and her contribution to the development of Polish culture. Without people like Mrs. Janda Polish culture would be completely forgotten giving way to common mediocrity.

“Warsaw Uprising Monument”

DSC_0375Warszawa z Jose 077Designer: Wincenty Kućma, Jacek Budyn, Warsaw, Poland (photo: Gosia Głowacka, 26.04.2012)

Warsaw Uprising Monument (Polish: Pomnik Powstania Warszawskiego) is a monument in Warsaw, Poland, dedicated to the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. Unveiled in 1989, it was sculpted by Wincenty Kućma and the architect was Jacek Budyn. It is located on the southern side of Krasiński Square.

The monument has been described as “the most important monument of post-war Warsaw.” Gazeta Wyborcza reported in 2012 that it is one of the most visited landmarks for foreign tourists.

The Warsaw Uprising, which broke out on 1 August 1944 and lasted until 2 October 1944, was one of the most important and devastating events in the history of Warsaw and Poland. Up to 90% of Warsaw’s buildings were destroyed during the hostilities and the systematic destruction of the city carried out by the Germans after the uprising.

However, it was also an event that the communist authorities of the post-war People’s Republic of Poland found highly controversial, as it was organised by the Polish resistance movement which had fought for Poland’s independence during World War 2 – principally the Home Army, the remnants of which were brutally suppressed by the post-war Stalinist regime. In addition, Joseph Stalin had purposefully stopped the Soviet advance through Polish territory just short of Warsaw immediately after the outbreak of the uprising, and not only refused to aid the insurgents, but also refused to allow planes of the western allies to land and refuel on Soviet-held territory, to ensure that only very limited supplies could be delivered to Warsaw from the outside. As a result, the uprising was brutally crushed by the Germans over a period of 63 days while the Soviets watched on (even after finally resuming their offensive and capturing the right bank the River Vistula in mid-September 1944). After the uprising the Germans expelled the entire population from the city and spent the whole of October, November and December 1944 looting Warsaw and destroying whatever was still standing, while the Soviets continued to do nothing to intervene (they finally entered the ruins of the abandoned city in January 1945 after waiting for the Germans to leave).

As a result of these “controversies”, the significance of the uprising was downplayed for many years after the Second World War, while the Home Army and wartime Polish government were condemned by communist propaganda. These political factors made official memorialisation of the Warsaw Uprising impossible for decades, and subsequent debates about the form and location of the monument further delayed the project.
Main section of the monument

Poland’s communist government finally gave permission to construct the monument on 12 April 1988. It was unveiled on 1 August 1989, the 45th anniversary of the Uprising.

(source: Wikipedia)

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“It is not an honor for the Warsaw Uprising insurgents to stand next to the military guard. It is the honor for the military…” Piotr Kraśko

I bow my head to the people who years ago showed such commitment and heroism and who are now being used for low political agenda by those who cannot even stand up to their own mistakes, negligence and cowardice. Someone who in time of peace spawns confusion and hatred is not a hero, a hero is a person who can maintain peace among people and nations and who in times of trial fights on the side of good.
I bow my head to those who shed blood for our country, Poland.