“Silesian Insurgents’ Monument”

IMG_8713Sculptor Gustaw Zemła, architect Wojciech Zabłocki, Katowice, Poland (photo: Gosia Sachse vel. Głowacka, 07.04.2018)

The Silesian Insurgents’ Monument (PolishPomnik Powstańców Śląskich) in Katowice, southern Poland, is a monument to those who took part in the three Silesian Uprisings of 1919, 1920 and 1921, which aimed to make the region of Upper Silesia part of the newly independent Polish state. The monument was unveiled on 1 September 1967, and was designed by sculptor Gustaw Zemła and architect Wojciech Zabłocki. The wings symbolize the three uprisings, and the names of places where battles were fought are etched on the vertical slopes. The monument was funded by the people of Warsaw for Upper Silesia.

The Silesian Uprisings (German: Aufstände in Oberschlesien; Polish: Powstania śląskie) were a series of three armed uprisings in Upper Silesia from 1919 to 1921 in which Poles and Polish Silesians sought to break away from Germany and join the new Polish Republic, founded after World War I. The rebellions have subsequently been commemorated as an example of Polish nationalism in modern Poland.

Much of Silesia had belonged to the Polish Crown in medieval times, but it passed to the Kings of Bohemia in the 14th century, then to the Austrian HabsburgsFrederick the Great of Prussia seized Silesia from Maria Theresa of Austria in 1742 in the War of Austrian Succession, after which it became a part of Prussia[2] and in 1871 the German Empire. Although the province had by now become overwhelmingly German speaking, a large Polish minority remained in Upper Silesia.[3][4][5]

Upper Silesia was bountiful in mineral resources and heavy industry, with mines and iron and steel mills. The Silesian mines were responsible for almost a quarter of Germany’s annual output of coal, 81 percent of its zinc and 34 percent of its lead.[6] After World War I, during the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles, the German government claimed that, without Upper Silesia, it would not be able to fulfill its obligations with regard to reparations to the Allies.

First uprising (1919)

On 15 August 1919, German border guards (Grenzschutz) massacred ten Silesian civilians in a labour dispute at the Mysłowice mine (Myslowitzer Grube). The massacre sparked protests from the Silesian Polish miners, including a general strike of about 140,000 workers, and caused the First Silesian Uprising against German control of Upper Silesia. The miners demanded the local government and police become ethnically mixed to include both Germans and Poles.

About 21,000 Germans soldiers of the Weimar Republic‘s Provisional National  Army (Vorläufige Reichsheer), with about 40,000 troops held in reserve, quickly put down the uprising. The army’s reaction was harsh; and about 2,500 Poles were either hanged or executed by firing squad for their parts in the violence. Some 9,000 ethnic Poles sought refuge in the Second Polish Republic, taking along their family members. This came to an end when Allied forces were brought in to restore order, and the refugees were allowed to return later that year.

The Second Silesian Uprising (Polish: Drugie powstanie śląskie) was the second of three uprisings.

In February 1920, an Allied Plebiscite Commission was sent to Upper Silesia. It was composed of the representatives of the Allied forces, mostly from France, with smaller contingents from United Kingdom and Italy. Soon, however, it became apparent that the Allied forces were too few to maintain order; further, the Commission was torn apart by lack of consensus: the British and Italians favoured the Germans, while the French supported the Poles. Those forces failed to prevent continuing unrest.

In August 1920, a German newspaper in Upper Silesia printed what later turned out to be a false announcement of the fall of Warsaw to the Red Army in the Polish–Soviet War. Pro-German activists spontaneously organised a march to celebrate what they assumed would be the end of independent Poland. The volatile situation quickly degenerated into violence as pro-German demonstrators began looting Polish shops; the violence continued even after it had become clear that Warsaw had not fallen.

The violence eventually led on August 19 to a Polish uprising, which quickly took control of government offices in the districts of Kattowitz (Katowice), Pless (Pszczyna), Beuthen (Bytom). Between August 20 and 25, the rebellion spread to Königshütte (Chorzów), Tarnowitz (Tarnowskie Góry), Rybnik, Lublinitz (Lubliniec) and Gross Strehlitz (Strzelce Opolskie). The Allied Commission declared its intention to restore order but internal differences kept anything from being done. British representatives held the French responsible for the easy spread of the uprising through the eastern region.

The uprising was slowly brought to an end in September by a combination of allied military operations and negotiations between the parties. The Poles obtained the disbanding of the Sipo police and the creation of a new police (Abstimmungspolizei) for the area which would be 50% Polish. Poles were also admitted to the local administration. The Polish Military Organisation in Upper Silesia was supposed to be disbanded, though in practice this did not happen.

The Third Silesian Uprising (PolishTrzecie powstanie śląskie) was the last, largest and longest of the three uprisings. It included the Battle of Annaberg.

It began in the aftermath of a plebiscite that yielded mixed results. The British and French governments could not reach a consensus on the interpretation of the plebiscite. The primary problem was the disposition of the “Industrial Triangle” east of the Oder river, whose triangle ends were marked by the cities of Beuthen (Bytom), Gleiwitz (Gliwice) and Kattowitz (Katowice), all three of which were mostly inhabited by ethnic Germans. The French wanted to weaken Germany, and thus supported Polish claims on the territory; the British and the Italians disagreed, in part because the German government declared that a loss of the Silesian industries would render Germany incapable of paying the demanded war reparations.

In late April 1921, rumours spread that the British position would prevail. This caused the local Polish activists to organize another uprising. The insurrection was to begin in early in May. Having learned from previous failures, the Third Uprising was carefully planned and organized under the leadership of Wojciech Korfanty. It started on May 2–3, 1921, with the destruction of German rail bridges (see “Wawelberg Group“) in order to slow down the movement of German reinforcements. A particular concern was to prevent a recurrence of violent acts against Polish civilians by members of the Freikorpsdemobilised Imperial German army units that had refused to disband. These paramilitary units existed throughout Germany and usually acted independently from both the provisional official army and the leadership of the fledgling German Republic.

The Inter-Allied Commission, in which General Henri Le Rond was the most influential person, waited rather long before taking any steps to end the violence. The French troops generally favored the insurrection. In some cases, British and Italian contingents actively cooperated with Germans. UK Prime Minister Lloyd George‘s speech in the British Parliament, strongly disapproving of the insurrection, aroused the hopes of some Germans. But the Entente appeared to have no troops ready and available for dispatch. The only action the ‘Inter-Allied Military Control Commission’ and the French government made was demanding immediate prohibition of the recruiting of German volunteers from outside Upper Silesia, and this was promptly made public.

After the initial success of the insurgents in taking over a large portion of Upper Silesia, the German Grenzschutz several times resisted the attacks of Wojciech Korfanty‘s Polish troops, in some cases with the cooperation of British and Italian troops. An attempt on the part of the British troops to take steps against the Polish forces was prevented by General Jules Gratier, the French commander-in-chief of the Allied troops. Eventually, the insurgents kept most of territory they had won, including the local industrial district. They proved that they could mobilize large amounts of local support, while the German forces based outside Silesia were barred from taking an active part in the conflict.

Twelve days after the outbreak of the insurrection, Korfanty offered to take his troops behind a line of demarcation (the “Korfanty Line”), conditional on the released territory not being re-occupied by German forces, but by Allied troops. It was not, however, until July 1 that the British troops arrived in Upper Silesia and began to advance in company with those of the other Allies towards the former frontierSimultaneously with this advance the Inter-Allied Commission pronounced a general amnesty for the illegal actions committed during the insurrection, with the exception of acts of revenge and cruelty. The German Grenzschutz was withdrawn and disbanded.

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August is the month of the uprisings: in 1944 the Warsaw Uprising, and 25 years earlier the First and Second Silesian Uprisings. Today we so often forget what ideals our ancestors fought for. We forget that they fought for freedom for all Poles and it did not matter what their skin colour, religion or sexual orientation was or was not. At that time, it was man who was important. What about today? Why today we listen so willingly to speeches full of hatred to imaginary enemy (like LGTB), why we have such short memory and do not remember (or do not want to remember) how fascism was born? Do we really want war? Do we want young boys and girls to die in the best time of their lives? Think about it before you let the others to get you into this self-destructive machine.

 

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Podobenství s Lebkou (Parable With Skull)

Praga maj 2018 fot. Peter Georg Kozdon 2 (mail 13.09.18).JPGSculptor: Jaroslav Róna, Prague, Czech Republic (Photo: Peter Georg Kożdoń, Mai 2018)

Jaroslav Róna, who also created the Franz Kafka statue nearby, is a rather prolific surrealist sculptor. In the 1980s he helped found the Czech art group Tvrdohlaví (The Stubborn). He built Podobenství s Lebkou, aka “Parable with Skull” in 1993, a bronze sculpture of a beggar weighed down by a large skull resides on a thick slab of aging wood.

The sculpture used to be found at the eastern end of the Golden Lane by Prague Castle’s Daliborka Tower, where Dalibor of Kozojedy, known as the Robin Hood of Czechia, was said to have played the violin while waiting out his days.

Parable with Skull is based on one of Kafka’s characters—the “beggar, who, with the death rattle already in his throat, insists on dying on the doorstep” from The Bucket Rider. The sculpture tends to intrigue and even confuse those who visit the castle without prior knowledge of Róna’s surrealist works. There’s also a surprise at the rear end of the statue: the beggar’s dangling bronze testicles are displayed quite prominently, often shocking admirers of the piece.

Prague is a city known for its strange public sculptures, and Róna’s are among the strangest, but Parable with Skull isn’t a public work. To see the strange crawling man, one must pay admission to tour Prague Castle.

(Source: https://www.atlasobscura.com)

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Elections to the European Parliament will take place on 26th May. Let us not be like this beggar and let us not to allow the democracy in Poland to die on the doorstep of our home, which is a united Europe. Let us go to elections and vote for wise and responsible people. Enough demagogy and manipulation!

“Slight Uncertainty”

Peter Georg Kozdon Praga maj 2018 (mail 23.01.19)Artist: Michal Trpak, Prague, Czech Republic (Photo: Peter Georg Kozdon, Mai 2018)

This sculpture, located at the crossroad of Na zbořenci and Odborů in the Praga district called Nové Město, is part of bigger composition “Slight Uncertainty” done by Michal Trpák.  In his installation artist puts a philosophical spin on the Mary Poppins flight by umbrella. The piece features many cement figures hanging dearly onto open umbrellas in a rainbow’s spectrum of colors, all of the individuals floating in an atrium-type space in the EBC office center in Prague. Uncertainty rests in the state of being, whether these figures are anticipating a rise – or even descent – with excitement or perhaps dread. The contrast of the heavy, material concrete contrasts the situational lightness captured by the installation. One thing that is certain: the dreamlike, thought-provoking, and inspirational effect of the colorful umbrellas.

(Source: https://www.gessato.com/slight-uncertainty-by-michal-trpak/)

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Today is the International Women’s Day. To all women and the men standing by their side, strength and perseverance in the fight for their rights.

“The Sound of Silence”

wp_20170818_11_13_51_proJan of Tarnov with his son Jan; Jan Wagner; Bardejov, Slovakia (photo: Gosia Sachse, 18.08.2017)

The „Urban“ church bell
The original bell was made from older material in 1584 and was cast by a bell maker Jan of Tarnov and his son Jan. The latin inscription of the bell shows that it was duping during the reign of Rudolf II in 1685. The bell cracked and an unknown bell-maker recast it in its original form. The bell diameter is 162 cm. Its height without the headpiece is 135 cm and it weighs 4000 kg

The „Jan“ church bell
A gothic church bell from 1486. The old German inscription on the bell says that it was made by master Jan Wagner of Spišská Nová Ves, to honour the Lord, the Virgin Mary and Saint Giles. The Bell is 140 cm. in diameter and 120 cm. tall (without its headpiece), and it weighs 2200 kg. It was cast right in Bardejov, and served the church and the town continuously until 1990

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14.01.2019 at 14:30 The big heart stopped and everything died away … The second heart on the news about it burst and the world became silent …

To memorize of the tragically deceased President of my beloved city of Gdańsk, Paweł Adamowicz (*02.11.1965 – †14.01.2019)

The Sound of Silence

 

Simon & Garfunkel

Hello darkness, my old friend                                                                                          I’ve come to talk with you again
Because a vision softly creeping
Left its seeds while I was sleeping
And the vision that was planted in my brain
Still remains
Within the sound of silence

In restless dreams I walked alone
Narrow streets of cobblestone
‚Neath the halo of a street lamp
I turned my collar to the cold and damp
When my eyes were stabbed by the flash of a neon light
That split the night
And touched the sound of silence

And in the naked light I saw
Ten thousand people, maybe more
People talking without speaking
People hearing without listening
People writing songs that voices never share
No one dared
Disturb the sound of silence

„Fools” said I, „You do not know
Silence like a cancer grows
Hear my words that I might teach you
Take my arms that I might reach you”
But my words like silent raindrops fell
And echoed in the wells of silence

And the people bowed and prayed
To the neon god they made
And the sign flashed out its warning
In the words that it was forming

And the sign said, „The words of the prophets

Are written on the subway walls
And tenement halls”
And whispered in the sounds of silence

“Robber Rumcajs”

WP_20180520_15_31_56_ProSculptor: František Vitásek, Frymburk, Czech Republic (Photo: Małgorzata Sachse, maj 2018)

The sculpture was made as part of the project “Together for Children” from 04-07/08/2014.

Rumcajs robber (org. O loupežníku Rumcajsovi) – a Czechoslovak animated series for children, based on a series of novels by Václav Čtvrtek. The series consisted of 39 episodes, its continuation was a new series called Cypisek – the son of robber Rumcajs from 1972.

The series tells about the vicissitudes of robber Rumcajs from the forest of Laholce and his family – wife Hanka and son Cypisek. The main theme of the series is the conflict between the robber and the Prince, who lives in the castle in the nearby town named Jiczyn.

In the Czech original fairytale, the wife of robber Rumcajs is named Manka.

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I love such robbers as they fearlessly defend their freedom and punished dishonest “princes”.

“Monument of Anonymous Passerby”

nieznany przechodzien fot Ryszard Szpytman 31.07.2018Wrocław Świdnicka St., Poland (photo: Ryszard Szpytman, 2018)

The prototype of the monument was an installation by Jerzy Kalina from 1977 “The Crossing” (hence the installation at Świdnicka is often called this), set in Warsaw at Świętokrzyska and Mazowiecka Streets. Created for the purposes of the television program, it was dismantled and then went to the National Museum in Wrocław for 28 years. The monument, in which the plaster statues replaced the bronze figures, was unveiled on the night of 12 to 13 December 2005 on the 24th anniversary of the imposition of martial law. Hence, it is sometimes indicated that it symbolizes changes that have taken place in Poland since that time; other interpretation puts the emphasis on commemorating the difficult times of martial law and making anonymous people who fought communism, going underground.

Monument of Anonymous Passerby consists of fourteen bronze figures of human life size, standing on both sides of Świdnicka Street in the place where it crosses Piłsudskiego Street. It has already permanently been incorporated into Świdnicka and Wrocław streets. However, it is appreciated not only by the residents – in 2011, it was included in the list of the 15 most beautiful places in Poland prepared by Newsweek magazine, and the American magazine “Budget Travel” recognized the installation as one of the most unusual places in the world

(source: https://www.wroclaw.pl/pomnik-anonimowego-przechodnia, wikipedia)

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Difficult times are coming … Let us not waste the efforts and achievements of our ancestors

“Giggle of life”

IMG_4428IMG_4432Sculptor: Michał Batkiewicz, Olsztyn near Częstochowa (photo: René Sachse, 04.05.2016)

Outdoor sculptures by Michał Batkiewicz – a world-famous artist whose works are also known in the USA, Brazil and Canada – appeared in 03.04.2016 on the market square in Olsztyn near Czestochowa.

Over six meters, silvery clowns, taking different poses, create an exhibition entitled “Giggle of life.” One of the characters has a motion sensor that activates the circus melody.

(source: http://www.dziennikzachodni.pl/wiadomosci/czestochowa/a/olbrzymie-rzezby-stanely-na-olsztynskim-rynku-zdjecia,9830418/)

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History comes full circle and once again – as a hundred years ago – populists became populare and listened. You, who are reading this, remain faithful to reason and common sense. Do not let clowns to decide about your life.

“Kidnapping of Europe”

Sculptor: Vahan Bego, Jelenia Góra, Poland (Photo: Mirosław Długasiewicz, 25.03.2018)

The sculpture is located on the square, at Pocztowa St. and 1 Maja Street. It is made of black steel in metalwork technology. It presents Europe on a bull. The author of the sculpture is Armenian sculptor Vahan Bego, who emigrated to Poland in 1993, fleeing war. The monument was funded by the president of the city of Jelenia Góra on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of Poland’s accession to the European Union on 1 May 2014.

“Kidnapping of Europe” is an epic tale of the love of divine Zeus to an earth woman. A story about man’s struggle with destiny and is up in arms against the will of the gods. It was inspired by Thebes myths about the power of love and germinating hope among the evil. Vahan Bego said that the mythological subject of the kidnapping of Europe well refers to the present day.

(quelle: http://www.polskaniezwykla.plhttps://dolny-slask.org.pl)

“Woman with a rose”

wp_20170818_11_56_17_pro.jpgWP_20170818_11_56_39_Pro.jpgBardejov, Slovakia (fot. Gosia Sachse (Glowacka), 18.08.2017)

A monument to memorize the heroes who offered their lives for freedom.

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A woman with a rose in her hand is worse than a plague – she will wrap you around her finger, lead to a white fever, and suddenly freeze you with one word.

A woman with a white rose is a guarantee of the end of the government’s duodenum.

 

“The world is standing on its head…”

unnamedSopot (next to the Georgian restaurant), Poland (photo Arkadiusz Lewandowski, 09.2015)

“The world is on its head. The vampire will teach me how to deal with people.”

Andrzej Sapkowski (from the book “Baptism of Fire”)

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To paraphrase: Today an old bachelor wants me to impose a model of a family I have to have, although he never had one himself,
The priest wants to teach me how to love my husband / boyfriend, even though he himself has made the vows of purity in theory, so there is no point in it,
The offender makes law,
Multiple liar and thief teaches morals,
Old lady, whose best years of her life have gone long time ago, wants to rummage in my pants, peek under my quilt, decide what my family should look like,
A doctor who has carried hundreds if not thousands of abortions today is a roaring enemy of it,
The idiot governs the country and the sociaty instead of blow him away in an unfathomable history applaud him and call him “Chief of State”.
The government wants to punish the deaths of rapists judged by courts of other countries, and indigenous criminals for the same offenses are allowed to go free.