“Silesian Insurgents’ Monument”

IMG_8713Sculptor Gustaw Zemła, architect Wojciech Zabłocki, Katowice, Poland (photo: Gosia Sachse vel. Głowacka, 07.04.2018)

The Silesian Insurgents’ Monument (PolishPomnik Powstańców Śląskich) in Katowice, southern Poland, is a monument to those who took part in the three Silesian Uprisings of 1919, 1920 and 1921, which aimed to make the region of Upper Silesia part of the newly independent Polish state. The monument was unveiled on 1 September 1967, and was designed by sculptor Gustaw Zemła and architect Wojciech Zabłocki. The wings symbolize the three uprisings, and the names of places where battles were fought are etched on the vertical slopes. The monument was funded by the people of Warsaw for Upper Silesia.

The Silesian Uprisings (German: Aufstände in Oberschlesien; Polish: Powstania śląskie) were a series of three armed uprisings in Upper Silesia from 1919 to 1921 in which Poles and Polish Silesians sought to break away from Germany and join the new Polish Republic, founded after World War I. The rebellions have subsequently been commemorated as an example of Polish nationalism in modern Poland.

Much of Silesia had belonged to the Polish Crown in medieval times, but it passed to the Kings of Bohemia in the 14th century, then to the Austrian HabsburgsFrederick the Great of Prussia seized Silesia from Maria Theresa of Austria in 1742 in the War of Austrian Succession, after which it became a part of Prussia[2] and in 1871 the German Empire. Although the province had by now become overwhelmingly German speaking, a large Polish minority remained in Upper Silesia.[3][4][5]

Upper Silesia was bountiful in mineral resources and heavy industry, with mines and iron and steel mills. The Silesian mines were responsible for almost a quarter of Germany’s annual output of coal, 81 percent of its zinc and 34 percent of its lead.[6] After World War I, during the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles, the German government claimed that, without Upper Silesia, it would not be able to fulfill its obligations with regard to reparations to the Allies.

First uprising (1919)

On 15 August 1919, German border guards (Grenzschutz) massacred ten Silesian civilians in a labour dispute at the Mysłowice mine (Myslowitzer Grube). The massacre sparked protests from the Silesian Polish miners, including a general strike of about 140,000 workers, and caused the First Silesian Uprising against German control of Upper Silesia. The miners demanded the local government and police become ethnically mixed to include both Germans and Poles.

About 21,000 Germans soldiers of the Weimar Republic‘s Provisional National  Army (Vorläufige Reichsheer), with about 40,000 troops held in reserve, quickly put down the uprising. The army’s reaction was harsh; and about 2,500 Poles were either hanged or executed by firing squad for their parts in the violence. Some 9,000 ethnic Poles sought refuge in the Second Polish Republic, taking along their family members. This came to an end when Allied forces were brought in to restore order, and the refugees were allowed to return later that year.

The Second Silesian Uprising (Polish: Drugie powstanie śląskie) was the second of three uprisings.

In February 1920, an Allied Plebiscite Commission was sent to Upper Silesia. It was composed of the representatives of the Allied forces, mostly from France, with smaller contingents from United Kingdom and Italy. Soon, however, it became apparent that the Allied forces were too few to maintain order; further, the Commission was torn apart by lack of consensus: the British and Italians favoured the Germans, while the French supported the Poles. Those forces failed to prevent continuing unrest.

In August 1920, a German newspaper in Upper Silesia printed what later turned out to be a false announcement of the fall of Warsaw to the Red Army in the Polish–Soviet War. Pro-German activists spontaneously organised a march to celebrate what they assumed would be the end of independent Poland. The volatile situation quickly degenerated into violence as pro-German demonstrators began looting Polish shops; the violence continued even after it had become clear that Warsaw had not fallen.

The violence eventually led on August 19 to a Polish uprising, which quickly took control of government offices in the districts of Kattowitz (Katowice), Pless (Pszczyna), Beuthen (Bytom). Between August 20 and 25, the rebellion spread to Königshütte (Chorzów), Tarnowitz (Tarnowskie Góry), Rybnik, Lublinitz (Lubliniec) and Gross Strehlitz (Strzelce Opolskie). The Allied Commission declared its intention to restore order but internal differences kept anything from being done. British representatives held the French responsible for the easy spread of the uprising through the eastern region.

The uprising was slowly brought to an end in September by a combination of allied military operations and negotiations between the parties. The Poles obtained the disbanding of the Sipo police and the creation of a new police (Abstimmungspolizei) for the area which would be 50% Polish. Poles were also admitted to the local administration. The Polish Military Organisation in Upper Silesia was supposed to be disbanded, though in practice this did not happen.

The Third Silesian Uprising (PolishTrzecie powstanie śląskie) was the last, largest and longest of the three uprisings. It included the Battle of Annaberg.

It began in the aftermath of a plebiscite that yielded mixed results. The British and French governments could not reach a consensus on the interpretation of the plebiscite. The primary problem was the disposition of the “Industrial Triangle” east of the Oder river, whose triangle ends were marked by the cities of Beuthen (Bytom), Gleiwitz (Gliwice) and Kattowitz (Katowice), all three of which were mostly inhabited by ethnic Germans. The French wanted to weaken Germany, and thus supported Polish claims on the territory; the British and the Italians disagreed, in part because the German government declared that a loss of the Silesian industries would render Germany incapable of paying the demanded war reparations.

In late April 1921, rumours spread that the British position would prevail. This caused the local Polish activists to organize another uprising. The insurrection was to begin in early in May. Having learned from previous failures, the Third Uprising was carefully planned and organized under the leadership of Wojciech Korfanty. It started on May 2–3, 1921, with the destruction of German rail bridges (see “Wawelberg Group“) in order to slow down the movement of German reinforcements. A particular concern was to prevent a recurrence of violent acts against Polish civilians by members of the Freikorpsdemobilised Imperial German army units that had refused to disband. These paramilitary units existed throughout Germany and usually acted independently from both the provisional official army and the leadership of the fledgling German Republic.

The Inter-Allied Commission, in which General Henri Le Rond was the most influential person, waited rather long before taking any steps to end the violence. The French troops generally favored the insurrection. In some cases, British and Italian contingents actively cooperated with Germans. UK Prime Minister Lloyd George‘s speech in the British Parliament, strongly disapproving of the insurrection, aroused the hopes of some Germans. But the Entente appeared to have no troops ready and available for dispatch. The only action the ‘Inter-Allied Military Control Commission’ and the French government made was demanding immediate prohibition of the recruiting of German volunteers from outside Upper Silesia, and this was promptly made public.

After the initial success of the insurgents in taking over a large portion of Upper Silesia, the German Grenzschutz several times resisted the attacks of Wojciech Korfanty‘s Polish troops, in some cases with the cooperation of British and Italian troops. An attempt on the part of the British troops to take steps against the Polish forces was prevented by General Jules Gratier, the French commander-in-chief of the Allied troops. Eventually, the insurgents kept most of territory they had won, including the local industrial district. They proved that they could mobilize large amounts of local support, while the German forces based outside Silesia were barred from taking an active part in the conflict.

Twelve days after the outbreak of the insurrection, Korfanty offered to take his troops behind a line of demarcation (the “Korfanty Line”), conditional on the released territory not being re-occupied by German forces, but by Allied troops. It was not, however, until July 1 that the British troops arrived in Upper Silesia and began to advance in company with those of the other Allies towards the former frontierSimultaneously with this advance the Inter-Allied Commission pronounced a general amnesty for the illegal actions committed during the insurrection, with the exception of acts of revenge and cruelty. The German Grenzschutz was withdrawn and disbanded.

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August is the month of the uprisings: in 1944 the Warsaw Uprising, and 25 years earlier the First and Second Silesian Uprisings. Today we so often forget what ideals our ancestors fought for. We forget that they fought for freedom for all Poles and it did not matter what their skin colour, religion or sexual orientation was or was not. At that time, it was man who was important. What about today? Why today we listen so willingly to speeches full of hatred to imaginary enemy (like LGTB), why we have such short memory and do not remember (or do not want to remember) how fascism was born? Do we really want war? Do we want young boys and girls to die in the best time of their lives? Think about it before you let the others to get you into this self-destructive machine.

 

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“Monument of Anonymous Passerby”

nieznany przechodzien fot Ryszard Szpytman 31.07.2018Wrocław Świdnicka St., Poland (photo: Ryszard Szpytman, 2018)

The prototype of the monument was an installation by Jerzy Kalina from 1977 “The Crossing” (hence the installation at Świdnicka is often called this), set in Warsaw at Świętokrzyska and Mazowiecka Streets. Created for the purposes of the television program, it was dismantled and then went to the National Museum in Wrocław for 28 years. The monument, in which the plaster statues replaced the bronze figures, was unveiled on the night of 12 to 13 December 2005 on the 24th anniversary of the imposition of martial law. Hence, it is sometimes indicated that it symbolizes changes that have taken place in Poland since that time; other interpretation puts the emphasis on commemorating the difficult times of martial law and making anonymous people who fought communism, going underground.

Monument of Anonymous Passerby consists of fourteen bronze figures of human life size, standing on both sides of Świdnicka Street in the place where it crosses Piłsudskiego Street. It has already permanently been incorporated into Świdnicka and Wrocław streets. However, it is appreciated not only by the residents – in 2011, it was included in the list of the 15 most beautiful places in Poland prepared by Newsweek magazine, and the American magazine “Budget Travel” recognized the installation as one of the most unusual places in the world

(source: https://www.wroclaw.pl/pomnik-anonimowego-przechodnia, wikipedia)

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Difficult times are coming … Let us not waste the efforts and achievements of our ancestors

“Giggle of life”

IMG_4428IMG_4432Sculptor: Michał Batkiewicz, Olsztyn near Częstochowa (photo: René Sachse, 04.05.2016)

Outdoor sculptures by Michał Batkiewicz – a world-famous artist whose works are also known in the USA, Brazil and Canada – appeared in 03.04.2016 on the market square in Olsztyn near Czestochowa.

Over six meters, silvery clowns, taking different poses, create an exhibition entitled “Giggle of life.” One of the characters has a motion sensor that activates the circus melody.

(source: http://www.dziennikzachodni.pl/wiadomosci/czestochowa/a/olbrzymie-rzezby-stanely-na-olsztynskim-rynku-zdjecia,9830418/)

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History comes full circle and once again – as a hundred years ago – populists became populare and listened. You, who are reading this, remain faithful to reason and common sense. Do not let clowns to decide about your life.

“Kidnapping of Europe”

Sculptor: Vahan Bego, Jelenia Góra, Poland (Photo: Mirosław Długasiewicz, 25.03.2018)

The sculpture is located on the square, at Pocztowa St. and 1 Maja Street. It is made of black steel in metalwork technology. It presents Europe on a bull. The author of the sculpture is Armenian sculptor Vahan Bego, who emigrated to Poland in 1993, fleeing war. The monument was funded by the president of the city of Jelenia Góra on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of Poland’s accession to the European Union on 1 May 2014.

“Kidnapping of Europe” is an epic tale of the love of divine Zeus to an earth woman. A story about man’s struggle with destiny and is up in arms against the will of the gods. It was inspired by Thebes myths about the power of love and germinating hope among the evil. Vahan Bego said that the mythological subject of the kidnapping of Europe well refers to the present day.

(quelle: http://www.polskaniezwykla.plhttps://dolny-slask.org.pl)

“The world is standing on its head…”

unnamedSopot (next to the Georgian restaurant), Poland (photo Arkadiusz Lewandowski, 09.2015)

“The world is on its head. The vampire will teach me how to deal with people.”

Andrzej Sapkowski (from the book “Baptism of Fire”)

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To paraphrase: Today an old bachelor wants me to impose a model of a family I have to have, although he never had one himself,
The priest wants to teach me how to love my husband / boyfriend, even though he himself has made the vows of purity in theory, so there is no point in it,
The offender makes law,
Multiple liar and thief teaches morals,
Old lady, whose best years of her life have gone long time ago, wants to rummage in my pants, peek under my quilt, decide what my family should look like,
A doctor who has carried hundreds if not thousands of abortions today is a roaring enemy of it,
The idiot governs the country and the sociaty instead of blow him away in an unfathomable history applaud him and call him “Chief of State”.
The government wants to punish the deaths of rapists judged by courts of other countries, and indigenous criminals for the same offenses are allowed to go free.

“I do not look down…”

IMG_2883 (1)IMG_2882Sopot (next to the Georgian restaurant), Poland (photo Arkadiusz Lewandowski, 10.2016)

“Something pulls us down to the ground
Fo the slightest mistake.
We pay with the things the world has given us.
How to move on from here?

I do not look down
At the tenuous rope I hold on to your hands
And wise words.
Do not look down,
Because I believe
That we’ve got a strength
To go ahead
Go ahead
Go ahead
Go ahead

Go, and don’t let them break you
Don’t you ever stop, keep going
Be invincible,
A tenuous thread we’re stepping on
was woven for us
Below us odds multipled
Go on ahead
Do not look down.”

(“I do not look down” Natalia Szroeder, Liber Feat)

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October 3, 2017 – “Black Tuesday” – Be invincible! Never stop, go!

“Monument of Mira Zimińska-Sygietyńska”

DSC_20170303132922488Sculptor: Marek Zalewski, Płock, Poland (photo: Dariusz Kornacki, 03.03.2017)

The monument has been placed at Tumska street, between the Płock Mazovian Museum and Nove Kino Przedwiośnie, where in 2011 was presented the exhibition of artist’s personal belongings, called: “Outstanding inhabitant of Plock – Mira Zimińska Sygietyńska”.

The statue depicts Mira Zimińska-Sygiantńska walking down the street with an umbrella and a bounch of flowers. Sculpture is characterized by great attention to details, such as e.g. jewelry. The monument was designed in such a way that each passerby could approach Lady Mira and embrace her by the hand

Mira Zimińska-Sygietyńska was born in Płock on February 22, 1901 as Maria Burzyńska. Her family was associated with the local theater. As an actress she performed, among others. In the pre-war Warsaw cabarets “Qui Pro Quo” and “Morskie Oko”. At that time, she also played in films, among others. In “Ada to nie wypada”, “Każdemu wolno kochać” and “Manewry miłosne”. In 1948, together with her husband Tadeusz Sygietyński (1896-1955), composer and pedagogue, she founded the “Mazovian” Song and Dance Ensemble. whose she dirbecame a director in 1957.

In 1986, Mira Zimińska-Sygietyńska received the title of Honorary Citizen of Płock. She died in Warsaw on 26 January 1997.

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Bounch of white roses, black umbrella in hand and on 10th of July the butlern of the “master” chase chase, chase…

“Warsaw Mermaid Monument”

DSC_0359Sculptor: Konstanty Hegl, Warsaw, Poland (photo by Gosia Głowacka, 26.04.2012)

Warsaw Mermaid Monument – located on the Old Town Square .

It represents the symbol of the Polish capital city. This monument is made from bronze, measures 2.5 m. and was made by Konstanty Hegel. The original monument before the destruction weighed 1206 kg, and the employees of the Brothers Łopieńscy company have made it in 2700 man-hours. During World War II, the monument was damaged. In 1951 a broken sword, left hand and shield were made in the foundry of the Łopieński Brothers. Due to numerous damages the sculpture was refurbished in 2008

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It is time to show in Warsaw the wrath of women and man for breaking human and democracy rights. We have the power! June 10, 2017

“Angel on the go”

DSC_20170512143419680.jpgSculpturer: Marek Sułek, Warsaw, Poland (photo: Dariusz Kornacki, 12.05.2017 r.)

The sculpture of an angel was set in front of the Warsaw East Railway Station building at 16 Kijowska Street, in the Praga Północ district.

Work was created as one of the planned larger cycle of sculptures “City of Angels”. On a small pedestal stays a big form of an angel prepared for travel – what is indicated by a small suitcase. Its author is Marek Sułek – a sculptor from nearby Kamionka.

The partner of the action is the Cultural Department of the Praga Północ District Office.

The sculpture was set up at the end of May 2012 what was connected with the completion of the renovation of the Eastern Railway Station. Van den Berg Art Gallery overtook the care of this angel.

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“Great little man
Broken as proud and proud as a peacock
Great little man ”
Prophet of good change, uncertain matters
It’s time to go…

“Do It Yourself”

Artist: Eugeniusz Get Stankiewicz, Wrocław, wall of the building “Jaś”, Poland (photo: Alicja Molenda, January 2017)

The work was created in 1977 and is one of the most recognizable and controversial works of outstanding artist Eugeniusz Get-Stankiewicz from Wroclaw. Artist fastened to canvas a wooden cross, the figure of Christ and the three nails with a description “zrob to sam / do it yourself.” This composition in that form indeed compels a man to reflect on their own responsibility for the crucifixion of Christ or even can lead to questions about whether his own attitude (especially passive) against the atrocities of war or involuntary neighbor’s poverty does not contribute to the death of other innocent people.

Taking under consideration the contemporary situation in the world this set is almost a must in every Catholic home as well and non-Catholic