“Monument to memorize of the bombing victims in 1944 in San Marino”

Jolanta KruszkaSan Marino, Italy (Photo: Jolanta Kruszka, 22.09.2018)

The monument was created to commemorate 63 victims of British bombings during World War II. During the war San Marino was officially neutral, but when the German forces used the state for the passage of troops, the Allied forces followed them. The Allied forces occupied San Marino only for as long as was necessary militarily, and it took only a few weeks. Many inhabitants of the republic joined the ranks of Italian anti-fascist partisans. As a result of the war in Italy, the city became a victim of British bombardments, which caused damage estimated at three billion liras, as well as 63 victims. Hunger and disease, including tuberculosis and typhoid fever, were widespread in the country.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Today is exactly 100 years since Poland regained its independence. This freedom did not come alone and would not knock on our door. To win it, several generations of Poles lost their life in the uprisings: Listopadowym i Styczniowym as well as during the First World War. After 123 years, Poland has returned to the map of Europe. The most important creators of Polish independence were Marshal Józef Piłsudski in 1918 and Lech Wałęsa in 1989. The task and their roles in history was not easy. Thanks to their charisma and wisdom, as well as the involvement of millions of Polish women and men, we have managed to regain what is the greatest value in life: freedom. Together we are stronger, divided, we can lose everything.

This year also passes 100 years from giving women’s electoral rights. Because freedom and independence is a woman!

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“Song for Barcelona”

The Park Güell, Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

The Park Güell (Catalan: Parc Güell is a public park system composed of gardens and architectonic elements located on Carmel Hill, in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

Walking through the alleys in park almost every dozen or some hundreds meters you can meet artists of all kinds of art: painters, caricaturists, mimes, or finally – those that catch my attention and steal my soul and time – viruosos of musical instruments. Some of them perform their show on instruments well known e.g. guitar or violin, but there are also grandmasters of instruments that are not very common, and the sounds coming out of them do not let you pass beside them without interests. The music they present does not have language, color, religion or nationality – it is created by street virtuosos for all. There are no divisions in “we” and “they”, “better” and “worse”, “rich” and “poor.” It is created by young and old passionates, playing their instruments.

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Barcelona will forever be associated with the music of Park Güell, delicious Sangria which is drinking in the evening at the beach and cheerful, smiling people and none of terrorists is able to change it.

“Guitar player”

holiday in Spain 055.JPGFigures, Museum of Salvador Dalli, Spain (photo: Gosia Glowacka, 11.05.2012)

Where you hear the song go there,
there they have warm hearts
bad people believe me,
They never sing.

— J.W.Goethe

Ever since I was young, guitar was the instrument that fascinated me the most. At first the dream of playing the guitar was merely a dream because of financial limitations and living a considerable distance from the nearest music schools. However, a few years later, in high school I became a scout. I loved those trips out to the mountains, Wyzyna Krakowsko-Czestochowska, and the longer or shorter camps where other scouts “were plucking strings” till 4:00 A.M. in the rhythm of shanties and songs of the music band “Old Good Marriage”! Driven by  my pure love for the guitar I finally purchased my own – a beautiful resonance box & acoustic guitar, which I still have. However, over the years the amount of duties increased, while the amount of free time decreased, and my dream and childish enthusiasm to become a virtuoso in the instrument seemed less and less… .Sentimental sounds of the guitar, however, still lies deep inside me. Listening to the guitar reminds me of pastures in Bieszczady, Szlak Orlich Gniazd, hiking from Ustrzyki Dolne to Zakopane, with all those beautiful starry nights by the fire … Maybe the next rising young generation some day might ask me: “Mom, how did the ‘Majster Bieda’ sound? ” And we will sing together all night while playing the guitar…

“Octopus”

Tossa de Mar  072.jpgRoundabout in Tossa de Mar (photo:Gosia Glowacka, 06.05.2012)

Octopus giant leads predatory lifestyle. It eats clams, crabs, fish and squid. It has a lot of defensive precautions, such as produced by itself sepia, camouflage, poison or high speed.

Individuals of this species live up to 5 years. They lead solitary life on an area of about 5 square kilometers

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President of one party, is like an octopus and surrounded himself by lots of caricatures of all kinds of molluscs / Misiaks. Allowing fatten them under his “gracious” eye, he smacks pleased while thinking about who will be swallowed the next day for breakfast. Taking under consideration the fact, that these Misiaks have supernatural gluttony, the president of this party can have after this breakfast a huge indigestion leading to political death. And there is the only hope that this will happen faster than – as in the case of octopus giant – after 5 years.

“Saxophonist”

holiday in Spain 054.JPG Salvador Dali Museum, Figures,Spain (photo: Gosia Głowacka, 11.05.2012)

The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet.The saxophone family was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in 1840. Adolphe Sax wanted to create a group or series of instruments that would be the most powerful and vocal of the woodwinds, and the most adaptive of the brass instruments, that would fill the vacant middle ground between the two sections. He patented the saxophone on June 28, 1846, in two groups of seven instruments each. Each series consisted of instruments of various sizes in alternating transposition. The series pitched in B♭ and E♭, designed for military bands, have proved extremely popular and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. Instruments from the so-called “orchestral” series, pitched in C and F, never gained a foothold, and the B♭ and E♭ instruments have now replaced the C and F instruments when the saxophone is used in an orchestra.

The saxophone is used in classical music (such as concert bands, chamber music, and solo repertoires), military bands, marching bands, and jazz (such as big bands and jazz combos). Saxophone players are called saxophonists.

The saxophone was developed in 1846 by Adolphe Sax, a Belgian instrument maker, flautist, and clarinetist. Born in Dinant and originally based in Brussels, he moved to Paris in 1842 to establish his musical instrument business. Prior to his work on the saxophone, he had made several improvements to the bass clarinet by improving its keywork and acoustics and extending its lower range. Sax was also a maker of the then-popular ophicleide, a large conical brass instrument in the bass register with keys similar to a woodwind instrument. His experience with these two instruments allowed him to develop the skills and technologies needed to make the first saxophones. As an outgrowth of his work improving the bass clarinet, Sax began developing an instrument with the projection of a brass instrument and the agility of a woodwind. He wanted it to overblow at the octave, unlike the clarinet, which rises in pitch by a twelfth when overblown. An instrument that overblows at the octave, has identical fingering for both registers.

Sax created an instrument with a single-reed mouthpiece like a clarinet, conical brass body like an ophicleide, and some acoustic properties of both the horn and the clarinet.[clarification needed]

Having constructed saxophones in several sizes in the early 1840s, Sax applied for, and received, a 15-year patent for the instrument on June 28, 1846. The patent encompassed 14 versions of the fundamental design, split into two categories of seven instruments each, and ranging from sopranino to contrabass. Although the instruments transposed at either F or C have been considered “orchestral”, there is no evidence that Sax intended this. As only three percent of Sax’s surviving production were pitched in F and C, and as contemporary composers used the E♭ alto and B♭ bass saxophone freely in orchestral music, it is almost certain that Sax experimented to find the most suitable keys for these instruments, settling upon instruments alternating between E♭ and B♭ rather than those pitched in F or C, for reasons of tone and economy (the saxophones were the most expensive wind instruments of their day). The C soprano saxophone was the only instrument to sound at concert pitch. All the instruments were given an initial written range from the B below the treble staff to the F, one space above the three ledger lines above staff, giving each saxophone a range of two and a half octaves.

Sax’s patent expired in 1866; thereafter, numerous saxophonists and instrument manufacturers implemented their own improvements to the design and keywork. The first substantial modification was by a French manufacturer who extended the bell slightly and added an extra key to extend the range downwards by one semitone to B♭. It is suspected that Sax himself may have attempted this modification. This extension is now commonplace in almost all modern designs, along with other minor changes such as added keys for alternate fingerings. Using alternate fingerings allows a player to play faster and more easily. A player may also use alternate fingerings to bend the pitch. Some of the alternate fingerings are good for trilling, scales, and big interval jumps.

Sax’s original keywork, which was based on the Triebert system 3 oboe for the left hand and the Boehm clarinet for the right, was simplistic and made playing some legato passages and wide intervals extremely difficult to finger, so numerous developers added extra keys and alternate fingerings to make chromatic playing less difficult. While early saxophones had two separate octave vents to assist in the playing of the upper registers just as modern instruments do, players of Sax’s original design had to operate these via two separate octave keys operated by the left thumb. A substantial advancement in saxophone keywork was the development of a method by which the left thumb operates both tone holes with a single octave key, which is now universal on modern saxophones. Further developments were made by Selmer in the 1930s and ’40s, including offsetting tone holes and a revamping of the octave key mechanism, beginning with balanced action instruments and continuing through their celebrated Mark VI line.[citation needed] One of the most radical, however temporary, revisions of saxophone keywork was made in the 1950s by M. Houvenaghel of Paris, who completely redeveloped the mechanics of the system to allow a number of notes (C♯, B, A, G, F and E♭) to be flattened by a semitone simply by pressing the right middle finger. This enables a chromatic scale to be played over two octaves simply by playing the diatonic scale combined with alternately raising and lowering this one digit. However, this keywork never gained much popularity, and is no longer in use.

(source: Wikipedia)

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Found online:

`Saxophone, tube, trumpet exist as wind instruments,
and men, women – people often are called thick-headed ‘instruments’ .

(by paradoxical on https://szukaj.cytaty.info/mysli/instrumenty.htm on 14.10.2010)

“Stolpersteine”

Idea: Günter Demming, Berlin, Germany (Photo: Monika Saczyńska, October 13, 2010) / Rome, Italy (Photo: Monika Saczyńska, October 22, 2011)

The inspiration for the Stolpersteine project was an event related to an earlier project by Günter Demming. In Cologne, in 1990 the artist marked with chalk the route that Cologne Roms and Sinti were led to the place of deportation. Three years later, when he walked the same path again a woman he met on the way told him that no Roms or Sinti had ever lived in that district. That event inspired the artist to create the lasting memorial signs around the city.

The first Stolperstein was laid by Günter Demming in 1997 in Kreuzberg (a district in Berlin). Today, it is already a big project, in which often local communities, schools are engaged. The artist still watches over the project by approving the laying of the new stones based on the provided documentation.

The project aims to restore the memory of the victims of Nazism, including Jews, Roma and Sinti, homosexuals, deserters, people with disabilities, members of political parties. Usually stones are laid in the vicinity of the place where the commemorated person lived. The individual stones are inscribed with first name and surname, date of birth, date of deportation or exile, death date and place, but not the reason why the person was persecuted.

From the very start the project aroused controversy because of the placement of stones in the pavement. According to the Charlotte Knobloch, President of Central Council of Jews in Germany, form of the project is not entirely proper, because it brings to mind trampling the memory of the victims.

The number of stones in Stolpersteine project has already exceeded 20 000. Memorial Stones are located on the sidewalks of many cities in Germany and also in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Ukraine, the Netherlands and Poland, among others, Wrocław and Słubice.

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Martyrdom is not asking for thousands of giant monuments. It is sufficient human memory. Monuments for alleged “martyrs” can be quickly removed, and in the memory of people will nothing remain.

“We Have the Power”

DSCF0032.JPGMade by:INO, Port of Piraeus, Athens, Greece (Photo:. Gosia Głowacka, 04.04.2016)

Greek visual artist iNO created this mural on the center of Piraeus Port, one of the largest seaports in the Mediteranean sea located in Greece. The artist was interviewed by the National Geographic staff and the mural creation procedure was filmed for an upcoming documentary. The artwork is entitled “We Have The Power” and is depicting a child looking up at a huge portrait of the ancient philosopher Democritus. Knowledge is power.

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An educated society has power, which no devious hypocrite will be able to destroy by trying to impose his will. A society in which the level of education is low is more prone to manipulation and to unrealistic promises of populists. Therefore, such a society can be easily manipulated and used by cynical political players and representatives of religious associations or churches. Let’s educate ourselves and the others – May the Force be with us!.

The fountain of marble to memorize Giovanni Falcone

20160313_142415Made in 2001/2002,Savignano sul Panaro prov. Modena,  Italy (Photo: Jolanta Kruszka, 13.03.2016)

In Italy, in the region of Emilia Romagna, the province of Modena is a small town called Savignano sul Panaro.  There is a fountain on the central square, named after Giovanni Falcone, an law officer murdered by the mafia. It has a symbolic meaning. The critic Vladimir Zocca wrote about it: “An architectural composition which shows, how the memory of the sacrified life for the defense of the right to freedom, can enrich the society”.
The symbolism of the fountain is as clear as the water that covers the labyrinth – the symbol of mafia’s intrigue. A girl who is released from the labyrinth is a sign of hope and victory. The drawn up hands holding a pomegranate – a mythical symbol of immortality and rebirth.

“Statue of Frederic Chopin”

Project: Zofia Wolska, Valldemossa, Mallorca, Spain (photo: Alice Ochmann, 2008 r.)

Zofia Wolska’s sculpture of Frederic Chopin – the Polish composer and virtuoso pianist – is situated in a monastery yard in Valldemossa on the island of Mallorca. The statue has been unveiled in 1998 by the then first lady of Poland Jolanta Kwasniewska and Queen Sophia of Spain.

Frederic Chopin and George Sand stayed on the island over the winter of 1838/1839