“Life”

Monaco (Photo: Gosia Sachse, 04.05.2012)

Why is a woman’s life less important than the life of a fetus in the 21st century in the heart of Europe?

In memory of 30-year-old Iza from Pszczyna, who died as a result of the ruling of the Constitutional Tribunal in Poland prohibiting abortion of a fetus that had no chance to survive.

“The Virtues of Womanhood”

Statue of “St. Cristina”, Lloret de Mar, Spain (Photo: Gosia Sachse, 08.05.2012)

Christina of Bolsena, also known as Christina of Tyre, or in the Eastern Orthodox Church as Christina the Great Martyr, is venerated as a Christianmartyr of the 3rd century. Archaeological excavations of an underground cemetery constructed at her tomb have shown that she was venerated at Bolsena by the fourth century.

The existence of Christina herself is poorly attested. Some versions of her legend place her in Tyre (Phoenicia), other evidence points to Bolsena, an ancient town in central Italy, near an Etruscan site called Volsinium, with catacombs in which archeologists have found the remains of an early Christian church and the tomb of a female martyr. Inscriptions found on the site confirm that this martyr had a name like Christina and that the local community was venerating her as a saint by the end of the fourth century. Some corroborating evidence is provided by a sixth-century mosaic in the basilica of St. Apollinare Nuovo at Ravenna, which includes in its procession of virgins a saint named Christina, wearing a martyr’s crown.

Christina is an early virgin Christian martyr. By the ninth century, an account of her martyrdom was composed, which developed many variants. According to these, she was born either in Tyre (Eastern stories) or in Persia (Western stories) during the 3rd century or 5th century.

She was born into a rich family, and her father was governor of Tyre. By the age of 11 the girl was exceptionally beautiful, and many wanted to marry her. Christina’s father, however, envisioned that his daughter should become a pagan priestess. To this end he placed her in a special dwelling where he had set up many gold and silver idols, and he commanded his daughter to burn incense before them. Two servants attended Christina.Saint Christina giving her father’s idols of gold to the poor, 17th-century painting in the National Museum in WarsawMartyrdom of St Christina San Zanipolo Venice, Italy.

According to accounts, one time Christina was visited by an angel, who instructed her in the true faith. The angel called her a bride of Christ and told her about her future suffering. Christina smashed all the idols in her room and threw them out the window. In visiting his daughter, Christina’s father, Urbanus, asked her where all the idols had disappeared. Christina was silent. Then, having summoned the servants, Urbanus learned the truth from them.

Urbanus had his daughter tortured because of her faith, but God thwarted his efforts on several occasions. The nature of the torture varies with each telling, and can include iron hooks, grilling by fire, placement in a furnace, torture on the wheel, assault by snakes, assailment by arrows, and other assorted methods which she survives. After her father’s death, his successor, Dion, continued to torture her. Christina is eventually beheaded.

(Quelle: Wikipedia)

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“The ‘grounding of girls in the virtues of womanhood’ has historically resulted in unchecked violence against women. They were merely helpless creatures exposed to violence and cruelty, including death. Any opposition or rebellion against the imposed patterns often ended tragically. If someone dreams of returning to the times and patterns of the rightfully past, he is a sadist with complexes, who cannot find his place in the contemporary world. The mere fact of wearing pants does not give absolute power over anyone or anything.

“Tree-Man Monument”

Olka Zagórska-Chabros, SkopjeSkopje, Macedonia (photo: Olka Zagórska-Chabros from the blog “Bałkany według rudej” [“The Balkans According to the Ore”], 22.08.2014).

The Man-Tree Monument was created as part of the “Skopje 2014” project. Its realization began in 2010, when it was officially announced during the celebration of the 20th anniversary of Macedonian independence. The main idea of the project was to build about 20 objects: museums, theatres, philharmonic and public buildings and about 50 monuments and fountains, in the very centre of the city, which is not huge at all.

(source: https://balkanyrudej.pl/skopje-2014-projekt-zmieniajacy-rzeczywistosc/)

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A human being is part of nature, just as nature should be part of human. In 2019, the fault of this human being was the fire of about 730,000 hectares of forests and savannah in the Amazon, more than 330,000 hectares of rainforest in Indonesia, about 9.5 million hectares of forests in Siberia, about 60 million hectares of forests, thickets and fields in Australia – that is, more than 700,000 km2 of forests, bushes, savannah – green areas in general (an area comparable to that of Germany and Poland combined together) – disappeared from the Earth. Hundreds of millions of animals have disappeared. Let us care for and protect nature – without it we will die.

Below you can find a link to make a donation for a foundation, which rescue wild animals in Australia:

https://www.facebook.com/donate/1386120504919105/10212799186213115/

“Fist”

DSCF0169_ItalyVerona Theatre, Italy (Photo: Gosia Sachse vel Głowacka, June 2017)

“Song of the Polish Nation.”
Poland is not yet dead,
As long as we’re alive.
What a foreign power has taken away from us,
We’ll take it by force.

March, march on the enemy,
The homeland’s voice calls out,
Let no fear of us…
It won’t be able to stop it.

Let us go forward with a compact force
Courageous and daring;
Let it be a nice thing for us.
Crush a bunch of insolense bandits.

March, march on the enemy,
The homeland’s voice calls out,
Let no fear of us…
It won’t be able to stop it.

Source: ” Śpiewnik Powstańczy “, ed. Jan Eichhorn, 1921.

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13.10.2019 we have a chance to “crush a bold bunch”, which plunges Poland into the international and economic arena, spreading hatred and divisions. How will this day be written down in history? As a day of glory or total defeat and collapse of society, solidarity, freedom? Let us go to the elections and vote for democracy!

 

“Monument to memorize of the bombing victims in 1944 in San Marino”

Jolanta KruszkaSan Marino, Italy (Photo: Jolanta Kruszka, 22.09.2018)

The monument was created to commemorate 63 victims of British bombings during World War II. During the war San Marino was officially neutral, but when the German forces used the state for the passage of troops, the Allied forces followed them. The Allied forces occupied San Marino only for as long as was necessary militarily, and it took only a few weeks. Many inhabitants of the republic joined the ranks of Italian anti-fascist partisans. As a result of the war in Italy, the city became a victim of British bombardments, which caused damage estimated at three billion liras, as well as 63 victims. Hunger and disease, including tuberculosis and typhoid fever, were widespread in the country.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Today is exactly 100 years since Poland regained its independence. This freedom did not come alone and would not knock on our door. To win it, several generations of Poles lost their life in the uprisings: Listopadowym i Styczniowym as well as during the First World War. After 123 years, Poland has returned to the map of Europe. The most important creators of Polish independence were Marshal Józef Piłsudski in 1918 and Lech Wałęsa in 1989. The task and their roles in history was not easy. Thanks to their charisma and wisdom, as well as the involvement of millions of Polish women and men, we have managed to regain what is the greatest value in life: freedom. Together we are stronger, divided, we can lose everything.

This year also passes 100 years from giving women’s electoral rights. Because freedom and independence is a woman!

“Song for Barcelona”

The Park Güell, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain (Photo: Gosia Głowacka, 07.05.2012)

The Park Güell (Catalan: Parc Güell is a public park system composed of gardens and architectonic elements located on Carmel Hill, in Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

Walking through the alleys in park almost every dozen or some hundreds meters you can meet artists of all kinds of art: painters, caricaturists, mimes, or finally – those that catch my attention and steal my soul and time – viruosos of musical instruments. Some of them perform their show on instruments well known e.g. guitar or violin, but there are also grandmasters of instruments that are not very common, and the sounds coming out of them do not let you pass beside them without interests. The music they present does not have language, color, religion or nationality – it is created by street virtuosos for all. There are no divisions in “we” and “they”, “better” and “worse”, “rich” and “poor.” It is created by young and old passionates, playing their instruments.

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Barcelona will forever be associated with the music of Park Güell, delicious Sangria which is drinking in the evening at the beach and cheerful, smiling people and none of terrorists is able to change it.

“Guitar player”

holiday in Spain 055.JPGFigures, Museum of Salvador Dalli, Spain (Photo: Gosia Glowacka, 11.05.2012)

Where you hear the song go there,
there they have warm hearts
bad people believe me,
They never sing.

— J.W.Goethe

Ever since I was young, guitar was the instrument that fascinated me the most. At first the dream of playing the guitar was merely a dream because of financial limitations and living a considerable distance from the nearest music schools. However, a few years later, in high school I became a scout. I loved those trips out to the mountains, Wyzyna Krakowsko-Czestochowska, and the longer or shorter camps where other scouts “were plucking strings” till 4:00 A.M. in the rhythm of shanties and songs of the music band “Old Good Marriage”! Driven by  my pure love for the guitar I finally purchased my own – a beautiful resonance box & acoustic guitar, which I still have. However, over the years the amount of duties increased, while the amount of free time decreased, and my dream and childish enthusiasm to become a virtuoso in the instrument seemed less and less… .Sentimental sounds of the guitar, however, still lies deep inside me. Listening to the guitar reminds me of pastures in Bieszczady, Szlak Orlich Gniazd, hiking from Ustrzyki Dolne to Zakopane, with all those beautiful starry nights by the fire … Maybe the next rising young generation some day might ask me: “Mom, how did the ‘Majster Bieda’ sound? ” And we will sing together all night while playing the guitar…

“Octopus”

Tossa de Mar  072.jpgRoundabout in Tossa de Mar (Photo:Gosia Glowacka, 06.05.2012)

Octopus giant leads predatory lifestyle. It eats clams, crabs, fish and squid. It has a lot of defensive precautions, such as produced by itself sepia, camouflage, poison or high speed.

Individuals of this species live up to 5 years. They lead solitary life on an area of about 5 square kilometers

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President of one party, is like an octopus and surrounded himself by lots of caricatures of all kinds of molluscs / Misiaks. Allowing fatten them under his “gracious” eye, he smacks pleased while thinking about who will be swallowed the next day for breakfast. Taking under consideration the fact, that these Misiaks have supernatural gluttony, the president of this party can have after this breakfast a huge indigestion leading to political death. And there is the only hope that this will happen faster than – as in the case of octopus giant – after 5 years.

“Saxophonist”

holiday in Spain 054.JPG Salvador Dali Museum, Figures,Spain (Photo: Gosia Głowacka, 11.05.2012)

The saxophone (also referred to as the sax) is a family of woodwind instruments. Saxophones are usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece similar to that of the clarinet.The saxophone family was invented by the Belgian instrument maker Adolphe Sax in 1840. Adolphe Sax wanted to create a group or series of instruments that would be the most powerful and vocal of the woodwinds, and the most adaptive of the brass instruments, that would fill the vacant middle ground between the two sections. He patented the saxophone on June 28, 1846, in two groups of seven instruments each. Each series consisted of instruments of various sizes in alternating transposition. The series pitched in B♭ and E♭, designed for military bands, have proved extremely popular and most saxophones encountered today are from this series. Instruments from the so-called “orchestral” series, pitched in C and F, never gained a foothold, and the B♭ and E♭ instruments have now replaced the C and F instruments when the saxophone is used in an orchestra.

The saxophone is used in classical music (such as concert bands, chamber music, and solo repertoires), military bands, marching bands, and jazz (such as big bands and jazz combos). Saxophone players are called saxophonists.

The saxophone was developed in 1846 by Adolphe Sax, a Belgian instrument maker, flautist, and clarinetist. Born in Dinant and originally based in Brussels, he moved to Paris in 1842 to establish his musical instrument business. Prior to his work on the saxophone, he had made several improvements to the bass clarinet by improving its keywork and acoustics and extending its lower range. Sax was also a maker of the then-popular ophicleide, a large conical brass instrument in the bass register with keys similar to a woodwind instrument. His experience with these two instruments allowed him to develop the skills and technologies needed to make the first saxophones. As an outgrowth of his work improving the bass clarinet, Sax began developing an instrument with the projection of a brass instrument and the agility of a woodwind. He wanted it to overblow at the octave, unlike the clarinet, which rises in pitch by a twelfth when overblown. An instrument that overblows at the octave, has identical fingering for both registers.

Sax created an instrument with a single-reed mouthpiece like a clarinet, conical brass body like an ophicleide, and some acoustic properties of both the horn and the clarinet.[clarification needed]

Having constructed saxophones in several sizes in the early 1840s, Sax applied for, and received, a 15-year patent for the instrument on June 28, 1846. The patent encompassed 14 versions of the fundamental design, split into two categories of seven instruments each, and ranging from sopranino to contrabass. Although the instruments transposed at either F or C have been considered “orchestral”, there is no evidence that Sax intended this. As only three percent of Sax’s surviving production were pitched in F and C, and as contemporary composers used the E♭ alto and B♭ bass saxophone freely in orchestral music, it is almost certain that Sax experimented to find the most suitable keys for these instruments, settling upon instruments alternating between E♭ and B♭ rather than those pitched in F or C, for reasons of tone and economy (the saxophones were the most expensive wind instruments of their day). The C soprano saxophone was the only instrument to sound at concert pitch. All the instruments were given an initial written range from the B below the treble staff to the F, one space above the three ledger lines above staff, giving each saxophone a range of two and a half octaves.

Sax’s patent expired in 1866; thereafter, numerous saxophonists and instrument manufacturers implemented their own improvements to the design and keywork. The first substantial modification was by a French manufacturer who extended the bell slightly and added an extra key to extend the range downwards by one semitone to B♭. It is suspected that Sax himself may have attempted this modification. This extension is now commonplace in almost all modern designs, along with other minor changes such as added keys for alternate fingerings. Using alternate fingerings allows a player to play faster and more easily. A player may also use alternate fingerings to bend the pitch. Some of the alternate fingerings are good for trilling, scales, and big interval jumps.

Sax’s original keywork, which was based on the Triebert system 3 oboe for the left hand and the Boehm clarinet for the right, was simplistic and made playing some legato passages and wide intervals extremely difficult to finger, so numerous developers added extra keys and alternate fingerings to make chromatic playing less difficult. While early saxophones had two separate octave vents to assist in the playing of the upper registers just as modern instruments do, players of Sax’s original design had to operate these via two separate octave keys operated by the left thumb. A substantial advancement in saxophone keywork was the development of a method by which the left thumb operates both tone holes with a single octave key, which is now universal on modern saxophones. Further developments were made by Selmer in the 1930s and ’40s, including offsetting tone holes and a revamping of the octave key mechanism, beginning with balanced action instruments and continuing through their celebrated Mark VI line.[citation needed] One of the most radical, however temporary, revisions of saxophone keywork was made in the 1950s by M. Houvenaghel of Paris, who completely redeveloped the mechanics of the system to allow a number of notes (C♯, B, A, G, F and E♭) to be flattened by a semitone simply by pressing the right middle finger. This enables a chromatic scale to be played over two octaves simply by playing the diatonic scale combined with alternately raising and lowering this one digit. However, this keywork never gained much popularity, and is no longer in use.

(source: Wikipedia)

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Found online:

`Saxophone, tube, trumpet exist as wind instruments,
and men, women – people often are called thick-headed ‘instruments’ .

(by paradoxical on https://szukaj.cytaty.info/mysli/instrumenty.htm on 14.10.2010)

“Stolpersteine”

Idea: Günter Demming, Berlin, Germany (Photo: Monika Saczyńska, October 13, 2010) / Rome, Italy (Photo: Monika Saczyńska, October 22, 2011)

The inspiration for the Stolpersteine project was an event related to an earlier project by Günter Demming. In Cologne, in 1990 the artist marked with chalk the route that Cologne Roms and Sinti were led to the place of deportation. Three years later, when he walked the same path again a woman he met on the way told him that no Roms or Sinti had ever lived in that district. That event inspired the artist to create the lasting memorial signs around the city.

The first Stolperstein was laid by Günter Demming in 1997 in Kreuzberg (a district in Berlin). Today, it is already a big project, in which often local communities, schools are engaged. The artist still watches over the project by approving the laying of the new stones based on the provided documentation.

The project aims to restore the memory of the victims of Nazism, including Jews, Roma and Sinti, homosexuals, deserters, people with disabilities, members of political parties. Usually stones are laid in the vicinity of the place where the commemorated person lived. The individual stones are inscribed with first name and surname, date of birth, date of deportation or exile, death date and place, but not the reason why the person was persecuted.

From the very start the project aroused controversy because of the placement of stones in the pavement. According to the Charlotte Knobloch, President of Central Council of Jews in Germany, form of the project is not entirely proper, because it brings to mind trampling the memory of the victims.

The number of stones in Stolpersteine project has already exceeded 20 000. Memorial Stones are located on the sidewalks of many cities in Germany and also in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Ukraine, the Netherlands and Poland, among others, Wrocław and Słubice.

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Martyrdom is not asking for thousands of giant monuments. It is sufficient human memory. Monuments for alleged “martyrs” can be quickly removed, and in the memory of people will nothing remain.