“The Sun of the Nation”

WP_20180616_15_22_56_ProErding, Bawaria, Niemcy (fot. Gosia Sachse, 16.06.2018 r.)

As a part of the #hot16challenge2 action, many Polish musicians, journalists, but also politicians and public people were challenged with writing 16 verses and perform them in Rap. In the action took part Andrzej Duda, the President of Poland: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DjDSUqTcrv4.

In response to this “Hit”, I’ve arranged my version of 16 verses:

Bo choć mi sie przytyło a rozumu nadal mi brak,                                                             to dziś Wam zarapuję na tyle, na ile mnie stać.                                                           Moralność to głupota, długopis liczy się                                                                        Ja podpisuję wszystko, więc on szybko wypisuję się.                                                Mam dla Was dziś piosenkę na miarę moich sił,                                                            A że do powiedzenia mam niewiele – niech nie dziwi Was ten styl.                  Konstytucja jest tylko wtedy ważna gdy o reelekcję chodzi,                                            W każdym innym przypadku, interesom mej partii szkodzi.                                           Moi wyborcy mili słuchajcie jak dzwoni dzwon                                                              To w Waszych pustych głowach me kłamstwa zyskują ton.                                        To jest maj, nie pachnie Saska Kępa                                                                            Może ktoś to gdzieś przewidział, ale wróżba raczej tępa                                              Zamiast więc dać lekarzom, walczę z ostrym cieniem mgły.                                          A pieniądze z budżetu na partyjną propagandę poszły.

Dzisiaj nieco przewrotnie piszę w imieniu tego                                                            co hańbą się już okrył do końca życia swego

 

“Rabbit of Dürer”

IMG_3642_Krolik DureraNuremberg, Germany (Photo: Anna Maria Patané, 03.02.2018)

The above sculpture is located at Tiergartenplatz in Nuremberg opposite the house of the Renaissance painter Albrecht Dürer. It depicts a hare – one of the most famous watercolours of master Albrecht Dürer is the ‘Field Hare’, also known as the ‘Hare’ or ‘Young’, probably best known for all of Dürer’s natural studies, which were created in 1502.

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This year, due to the coronovirus pandemic, I do not spend (like many of you) Easter with my whole family. Although I miss them very much, their safety is paramount. Let’s be good to each other. Not only because of Easter, not only during a pandemic – just like that every day. Such a small thing like helping an elderly neighbor with her shopping, give up a place on the train/bus/tram for an elderly or disabled man or a pregnant woman doesn’t cost much, but their smile of gratitude can give a sunshine for the whole day. Let’s share the good and take care of nature.

“Yellow Crane Tower”

Wuhan, Hubei Province, China (Photo: Gosia Sachse aka Głowacka, 21.04.2013)

Yellow Crane Tower (ChinesepinyinHuánghè Lóu) is a traditional Chinese tower located in Wuhan. The current structure was built in 1981, but the tower has existed in various forms from as early as AD 223. The current Yellow Crane Tower is 51.4 m (169 ft) high and covers an area of 3,219 m2 (34,650 sq ft). It is situated on Snake Hill (蛇山), one kilometer away from the original site, on the banks of the Yangtze River in Wuchang District.

The Yuanhe Maps and Records of Prefectures and Counties, written almost 600 years after the construction of the tower, notes that after Sun Quan, founder of the kingdom of Eastern Wu, built the fort of Xiakou in 223, a tower was constructed at/on the Yellow Crane Jetty, west of Xiakou, and hence its name.

The tower has been destroyed twelve times, both by warfare and by fire, in the Ming and Qing dynasties and was repaired on ten separate occasions. The last tower at the original site was built in 1868 and destroyed in 1884. In 1907, a new tower was built near the site of the Yellow Crane Tower. Zhang Zhidong proposed ‘奥略楼‘ (Aoliaolou Hall) as the name for this tower and wrote an antithetical couplet for it. In 1957, the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge was built with one trestle of the bridge on the Yellow Crane Tower’s site. In 1981, the Wuhan City Government commenced reconstruction of the tower at a new location, about 1 km (0.62 mi) from the original site on Snake Hill, and it was completed in 1985.

According to legend, the impressive Yellow Crane Tower was created as a symbol of gratitude from a local tavern owner to a poor Taoist monk who, in gratitude for his hospitality, for which he did not pay at all, drew a crane on the wall of the local crane, which, enlivened by his words, began to dance, thus attracting a crowd of guests and making a friendly family rich.

The symbolism of a turtle with a snake wrapped around it, on which a pair of cranes stands, is also very interesting.

In ancient China, the turtle and snake were, in religious and spiritual terms, symbols of longevity. During the Han Dynasty, the Chinese often wore turtle-shaped pendants and amulets. As a result of the influence of Chinese culture on neighboring Japan, Japanese noble titles and public dignity were associated with the right to use the symbol of the turtle.

One of the legends of the time tells of a female turtle that could not make friends with male turtles, but only with snakes. This aroused the anger of the turtle, which the female repelled, marking the area around her with urine. Since the spread of this legend, males call their female partners “turtles” when they suspect them of infidelity, and the turtle ceased to have a symbolic meaning as bringing happiness.

The artistic presentation of Xuánwǔ, often translated as Black Turtle, shows this creature as a cross between a turtle and a snake, what may have its source in the legend cited above. It should be noted, however, that such an interpretation does not explain the existence of this type of representation earlier, during the Zhou Dynasty.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Today, Wuhan is more associated with the coronovirus epidemic (COVID-19) that appeared in this city at the end of 2019 and has caused the whole world to stand still in the face of such a great threat. It continues to cause more and more victims and has a significant impact on the lives of both the social and economic dimensions of the whole world. Its containment depends on creating in all of us a sense of solidarity and cooperation and a shift in thinking from “I” to “we”. Today, nature says  “I check up” and it is up to each of us individually and all of us together to pass this test of humanity.

“Tree-Man Monument”

Olka Zagórska-Chabros, SkopjeSkopje, Macedonia (photo: Olka Zagórska-Chabros from the blog “Bałkany według rudej” [“The Balkans According to the Ore”], 22.08.2014).

The Man-Tree Monument was created as part of the “Skopje 2014” project. Its realization began in 2010, when it was officially announced during the celebration of the 20th anniversary of Macedonian independence. The main idea of the project was to build about 20 objects: museums, theatres, philharmonic and public buildings and about 50 monuments and fountains, in the very centre of the city, which is not huge at all.

(source: https://balkanyrudej.pl/skopje-2014-projekt-zmieniajacy-rzeczywistosc/)

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A human being is part of nature, just as nature should be part of human. In 2019, the fault of this human being was the fire of about 730,000 hectares of forests and savannah in the Amazon, more than 330,000 hectares of rainforest in Indonesia, about 9.5 million hectares of forests in Siberia, about 60 million hectares of forests, thickets and fields in Australia – that is, more than 700,000 km2 of forests, bushes, savannah – green areas in general (an area comparable to that of Germany and Poland combined together) – disappeared from the Earth. Hundreds of millions of animals have disappeared. Let us care for and protect nature – without it we will die.

Below you can find a link to make a donation for a foundation, which rescue wild animals in Australia:

https://www.facebook.com/donate/1386120504919105/10212799186213115/

“Baba Yaga”

_DSC7399.JPGPrague, Czech Republic (Photo: Peter Georg Kożdoń, Mai 2018)

6 PLN 70 PLN 70 PLN per day. That’s how much or less people in every fifth family have at their disposal in Poland in 2019, which ist under care of Szlachetna Paczka. Their average monthly income (after deducting the amount of the fixed costs of living) do not exceed PLN 200. However, according to the Central Statistical Office (GUS), a four-person family (2+2) is not able to survive a month for less than 1571 PLN.

20% of the families, which ist under care of Szlachetna Paczka live in apartments in which there’s no bathroom.

>1.2 million children (persons under the age of eighteen) are in Poland at risk of poverty or social exclusion.

PLN 500 or more spends on medicines every fifth family, which ist under care of Szlachetna Paczka, in which at least one sick or disabled person lives.

PLN 31.42 – This is how much the nursing allowance has increased since November 1, 2018. It iss granted for the purpose of partially covering expenses. It is granted for the purpose of partially covering expenses of a person, who need to provide care and assistance to another person because of her inability to exist independently. This is the first an increase in that benefit for the last 12 years. From now on, it amounts to 184
PLN 42 gr per month.

PLN 1065 – This is the amount of the most frequently paid retirement pension in the women’s population in March 2018. Among men, this figure was more than twice as high (2177 PLN 80 gr).

9% – Polish households with children for financial reasons do not celebrate family celebrations e.g. birthdays. Every tenth parent can’t afford to pay for school trips for his/her child. Every 40-th can’t afford to buy any toys, new clothes or books.

Full report: https://www.szlachetnapaczka.pl/raport-o-biedzie/

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I’m sure many of us pass her on the street, in the stairwell, on the way to the grocery store. Old, hunchbacked, wrinkled. Once mothers used to scare children with her: “If you don’t eat dinner, Baba Yaga will come and take you away”. She – Baba Yaga, about whom the little one knew from his book with pictures read to him by his father as good night story, that he devours naughty children. This is enough to make the imagination start working and in a few minutes nothing left on a plate after dinner. Baba Yaga has to stay hungry this time, too. Not because she likes to eat children. Ha! She once had her own children, whom she tried to give everything, what she could. Her children grew up, left her house, forgot about her. No one says to Baba Yaga “thank you” for the years spent caring for her children, nor does anyone reward her for the effort she put into raising another member of society. Years spent on hard work have left a mark on her health, which can be seen in every furrow decorating her face. She lives right next to us. Let us not forget about her, especially in winter and on holidays, when we sit down at the table. Poverty has the face of Baby Yaga and it is only up to us whether we see her as a sick old lady who needs help or as a demon to scare children.

 

“Crooked House”

Architects: Szczepan Szotyński, Maciej Łapkowski, Małgorzata Kruszko-Szotyńska, Leszek Zaleski, Anna Dubicka-Sawicka, Agnieszka Kolka, Robert Mielniczek, Sopot, Poland (Photo Aneta Głowacka, 25.05.2019)

Crooked House – was built in Sopot at 53 Bohaterów Monte Cassino Street, designed by architects Szotyński and Zaleski, inspired by drawings by Jan Marcin Szancer and Per Dahlberg. The construction of the “House” began in 2003 and was completed in 2004. The building is a part of the “Resident” Shopping Centre. On the ground floor there are commercial premises, a restaurant, bars, sushi, café Costa, a beauty and body Shape Garden modeling salon and a games room. The building is also the seat of the regional branch of Radio RMF FM and Radio RMF Maxxx.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Poland – my home. Once delightful with its beauty – now it stands slightly bent, a few windows have been crashed with baseball sticks, the parson has sat down in the living room and consumes all the household’s supplies without a moment of consideration, frightened children hide themselves in the corners so as not to be seen by the priest who sows fear and havoc. The son of the neighbours makes a big bang in the courtyard shouting: “Poland hasn’t died yet…” And only in the young woman’s breast does the wave of anger rise and she slowly clenches her hands in the fist… This is her house and she will make it clean! Her name is “In-de-pen-dent”!

“Fist”

DSCF0169_ItalyVerona Theatre, Italy (Photo: Gosia Sachse vel Głowacka, June 2017)

“Song of the Polish Nation.”
Poland is not yet dead,
As long as we’re alive.
What a foreign power has taken away from us,
We’ll take it by force.

March, march on the enemy,
The homeland’s voice calls out,
Let no fear of us…
It won’t be able to stop it.

Let us go forward with a compact force
Courageous and daring;
Let it be a nice thing for us.
Crush a bunch of insolense bandits.

March, march on the enemy,
The homeland’s voice calls out,
Let no fear of us…
It won’t be able to stop it.

Source: ” Śpiewnik Powstańczy “, ed. Jan Eichhorn, 1921.

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13.10.2019 we have a chance to “crush a bold bunch”, which plunges Poland into the international and economic arena, spreading hatred and divisions. How will this day be written down in history? As a day of glory or total defeat and collapse of society, solidarity, freedom? Let us go to the elections and vote for democracy!

 

“The optimistic Orchestra”

20180825_133724.jpgArtist: Yngve Lundell, Södergatan in Malmö, Sweden (Photo: Gosia Sachse vel Glowacka, 24.08.2018)

The idea behind this charming orchestra was to give visitors a hunch about the optimistic, enthusiastic and happy city of Malmö. Sculptures werde done in bronze by Yngve Lundell in 1985.

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13.10.2019 – Remember, your voice matters.

A good orchestra needs a good conductor to lead it. Do we, as a nation, more resemble a harmoniously optimistic orchestra that can defend itself against false conductors or Wyspiański’s wedding dancers immersed in a chocholy dance?

“Silesian Insurgents’ Monument”

IMG_8713Sculptor Gustaw Zemła, architect Wojciech Zabłocki, Katowice, Poland (Photo: Gosia Sachse vel. Głowacka, 07.04.2018)

The Silesian Insurgents’ Monument (PolishPomnik Powstańców Śląskich) in Katowice, southern Poland, is a monument to those who took part in the three Silesian Uprisings of 1919, 1920 and 1921, which aimed to make the region of Upper Silesia part of the newly independent Polish state. The monument was unveiled on 1 September 1967, and was designed by sculptor Gustaw Zemła and architect Wojciech Zabłocki. The wings symbolize the three uprisings, and the names of places where battles were fought are etched on the vertical slopes. The monument was funded by the people of Warsaw for Upper Silesia.

The Silesian Uprisings (German: Aufstände in Oberschlesien; Polish: Powstania śląskie) were a series of three armed uprisings in Upper Silesia from 1919 to 1921 in which Poles and Polish Silesians sought to break away from Germany and join the new Polish Republic, founded after World War I. The rebellions have subsequently been commemorated as an example of Polish nationalism in modern Poland.

Much of Silesia had belonged to the Polish Crown in medieval times, but it passed to the Kings of Bohemia in the 14th century, then to the Austrian HabsburgsFrederick the Great of Prussia seized Silesia from Maria Theresa of Austria in 1742 in the War of Austrian Succession, after which it became a part of Prussia[2] and in 1871 the German Empire. Although the province had by now become overwhelmingly German speaking, a large Polish minority remained in Upper Silesia.[3][4][5]

Upper Silesia was bountiful in mineral resources and heavy industry, with mines and iron and steel mills. The Silesian mines were responsible for almost a quarter of Germany’s annual output of coal, 81 percent of its zinc and 34 percent of its lead.[6] After World War I, during the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles, the German government claimed that, without Upper Silesia, it would not be able to fulfill its obligations with regard to reparations to the Allies.

First uprising (1919)

On 15 August 1919, German border guards (Grenzschutz) massacred ten Silesian civilians in a labour dispute at the Mysłowice mine (Myslowitzer Grube). The massacre sparked protests from the Silesian Polish miners, including a general strike of about 140,000 workers, and caused the First Silesian Uprising against German control of Upper Silesia. The miners demanded the local government and police become ethnically mixed to include both Germans and Poles.

About 21,000 Germans soldiers of the Weimar Republic‘s Provisional National  Army (Vorläufige Reichsheer), with about 40,000 troops held in reserve, quickly put down the uprising. The army’s reaction was harsh; and about 2,500 Poles were either hanged or executed by firing squad for their parts in the violence. Some 9,000 ethnic Poles sought refuge in the Second Polish Republic, taking along their family members. This came to an end when Allied forces were brought in to restore order, and the refugees were allowed to return later that year.

The Second Silesian Uprising (Polish: Drugie powstanie śląskie) was the second of three uprisings.

In February 1920, an Allied Plebiscite Commission was sent to Upper Silesia. It was composed of the representatives of the Allied forces, mostly from France, with smaller contingents from United Kingdom and Italy. Soon, however, it became apparent that the Allied forces were too few to maintain order; further, the Commission was torn apart by lack of consensus: the British and Italians favoured the Germans, while the French supported the Poles. Those forces failed to prevent continuing unrest.

In August 1920, a German newspaper in Upper Silesia printed what later turned out to be a false announcement of the fall of Warsaw to the Red Army in the Polish–Soviet War. Pro-German activists spontaneously organised a march to celebrate what they assumed would be the end of independent Poland. The volatile situation quickly degenerated into violence as pro-German demonstrators began looting Polish shops; the violence continued even after it had become clear that Warsaw had not fallen.

The violence eventually led on August 19 to a Polish uprising, which quickly took control of government offices in the districts of Kattowitz (Katowice), Pless (Pszczyna), Beuthen (Bytom). Between August 20 and 25, the rebellion spread to Königshütte (Chorzów), Tarnowitz (Tarnowskie Góry), Rybnik, Lublinitz (Lubliniec) and Gross Strehlitz (Strzelce Opolskie). The Allied Commission declared its intention to restore order but internal differences kept anything from being done. British representatives held the French responsible for the easy spread of the uprising through the eastern region.

The uprising was slowly brought to an end in September by a combination of allied military operations and negotiations between the parties. The Poles obtained the disbanding of the Sipo police and the creation of a new police (Abstimmungspolizei) for the area which would be 50% Polish. Poles were also admitted to the local administration. The Polish Military Organisation in Upper Silesia was supposed to be disbanded, though in practice this did not happen.

The Third Silesian Uprising (PolishTrzecie powstanie śląskie) was the last, largest and longest of the three uprisings. It included the Battle of Annaberg.

It began in the aftermath of a plebiscite that yielded mixed results. The British and French governments could not reach a consensus on the interpretation of the plebiscite. The primary problem was the disposition of the “Industrial Triangle” east of the Oder river, whose triangle ends were marked by the cities of Beuthen (Bytom), Gleiwitz (Gliwice) and Kattowitz (Katowice), all three of which were mostly inhabited by ethnic Germans. The French wanted to weaken Germany, and thus supported Polish claims on the territory; the British and the Italians disagreed, in part because the German government declared that a loss of the Silesian industries would render Germany incapable of paying the demanded war reparations.

In late April 1921, rumours spread that the British position would prevail. This caused the local Polish activists to organize another uprising. The insurrection was to begin in early in May. Having learned from previous failures, the Third Uprising was carefully planned and organized under the leadership of Wojciech Korfanty. It started on May 2–3, 1921, with the destruction of German rail bridges (see “Wawelberg Group“) in order to slow down the movement of German reinforcements. A particular concern was to prevent a recurrence of violent acts against Polish civilians by members of the Freikorpsdemobilised Imperial German army units that had refused to disband. These paramilitary units existed throughout Germany and usually acted independently from both the provisional official army and the leadership of the fledgling German Republic.

The Inter-Allied Commission, in which General Henri Le Rond was the most influential person, waited rather long before taking any steps to end the violence. The French troops generally favored the insurrection. In some cases, British and Italian contingents actively cooperated with Germans. UK Prime Minister Lloyd George‘s speech in the British Parliament, strongly disapproving of the insurrection, aroused the hopes of some Germans. But the Entente appeared to have no troops ready and available for dispatch. The only action the ‘Inter-Allied Military Control Commission’ and the French government made was demanding immediate prohibition of the recruiting of German volunteers from outside Upper Silesia, and this was promptly made public.

After the initial success of the insurgents in taking over a large portion of Upper Silesia, the German Grenzschutz several times resisted the attacks of Wojciech Korfanty‘s Polish troops, in some cases with the cooperation of British and Italian troops. An attempt on the part of the British troops to take steps against the Polish forces was prevented by General Jules Gratier, the French commander-in-chief of the Allied troops. Eventually, the insurgents kept most of territory they had won, including the local industrial district. They proved that they could mobilize large amounts of local support, while the German forces based outside Silesia were barred from taking an active part in the conflict.

Twelve days after the outbreak of the insurrection, Korfanty offered to take his troops behind a line of demarcation (the “Korfanty Line”), conditional on the released territory not being re-occupied by German forces, but by Allied troops. It was not, however, until July 1 that the British troops arrived in Upper Silesia and began to advance in company with those of the other Allies towards the former frontierSimultaneously with this advance the Inter-Allied Commission pronounced a general amnesty for the illegal actions committed during the insurrection, with the exception of acts of revenge and cruelty. The German Grenzschutz was withdrawn and disbanded.

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August is the month of the uprisings: in 1944 the Warsaw Uprising, and 25 years earlier the First and Second Silesian Uprisings. Today we so often forget what ideals our ancestors fought for. We forget that they fought for freedom for all Poles and it did not matter what their skin colour, religion or sexual orientation was or was not. At that time, it was man who was important. What about today? Why today we listen so willingly to speeches full of hatred to imaginary enemy (like LGTB), why we have such short memory and do not remember (or do not want to remember) how fascism was born? Do we really want war? Do we want young boys and girls to die in the best time of their lives? Think about it before you let the others to get you into this self-destructive machine.